¿Es la rehabilitación cardiaca una estrategia útil en el tratamiento de la dislipidemia? Revisión de la literatura

  • Astrid Fajardo Martino Médico Especialista Medicina Física y Rehabilitación, Universidad El Bosque. Fundación Cardio Infantil Instituto de Cardiología, Clínica Universitaria Colombia Colsanitas. Bogotá Colombia.
Palabras clave: rehabilitación cardíaca, ejercicio aeróbico, ejercicio de resistencia, enfermedad coronaria, lípidos

Resumen

La enfermedad coronaria es la principal causade mortalidad en nuestros países, en EstadosUnidos ocurren 864.480 muertes anualmentepor esta causa. La dislipidemia es un factor deriesgo modificable, con un riesgo relativo de 2.4para el desarrollo de la enfermedad coronaria,cuando se compara con pacientes con perfil delípidos normal. El estudio INTERHEART, concluyeque los dos factores de riesgo más importantespara el desarrollo de la enfermedad coronariason la dislipidemia y el consumo de cigarrillo.

La inactividad es un factor de riesgo independiente en el desarrollo de la enfermedad coronaria,la actividad física continua favorece los nivelesde colesterol, presión sanguínea y perdida depeso, la efectividad del ejercicio aeróbico condiferentes intensidades tiene efectos sobrelos niveles de lípidos cuando se realiza a altas intensidades, principalmente sobre el HDL-C ymenos sobre el LDL-C, y TG.

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Cómo citar
Fajardo Martino, A. (1). ¿Es la rehabilitación cardiaca una estrategia útil en el tratamiento de la dislipidemia? Revisión de la literatura. Revista Colombiana De Medicina Física Y Rehabilitación, 20(2), 42-48. Recuperado a partir de https://revistacmfr.org/index.php/rcmfr/article/view/23
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