Rehabilitación intrahospitalaria en el paciente con Covid-19

Autores/as

  • Javier Rubio Delgado Martinez Médico residente, Departamento de Medicina Física y Rehabilitación, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Bogotá D.C. http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4193-171X
  • Nelson Fabián Orozco Higuera Médico residente, Departamento de Medicina Física y Rehabilitación, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Bogotá D.C. http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3871-3244
  • Jully Carolina Gómez Gil Médica residente, Departamento de Medicina Física y Rehabilitación, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Bogotá D.C. http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8742-2502
  • Luisa Fernanda Castaño Herrera Médica residente, Departamento de Medicina Física y Rehabilitación, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Bogotá D.C. http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1646-864X
  • Jorge Arturo Díaz Ruíz Médico. Docente del Departamento de Medicina Física y Rehabilitación, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Bogotá D.C. http://orcid.org/0000-0001-7614-0809
  • Jorge Nicolas Muñoz Rodriguez Médico. Docente del Departamento de Medicina Física y Rehabilitación, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Bogotá D.C. http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5266-1861
  • Liliana Elizabeth Rodriguez Zambrano Médica. Docente del Departamento de Medicina Física y Rehabilitación, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Bogotá D.C. http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0673-5940

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.28957/rcmfr.v30spa5

Palabras clave:

Rehabilitación, Síndrome post-cuidados intensivos, Covid-19, infecciones por coronavirus, pandemia.

Resumen

La enfermedad Covid-19 se declaró pandemia en el mes de marzo de 2020. Sus manifestaciones clínicas son variadas: desde pacientes asintomáticos hasta enfermedad respiratoria severa y falla multiorgánica, lo cual puede conducir a la muerte. Los pacientes con enfermedad severa o crítica que requieren hospitalización en la unidad de cuidados intensivos (UCI), pueden presentar complicaciones directas o indirectas a las lesiones causadas por la infección,
como el síndrome de desacondicionamiento físico, el síndrome post-UCI, entre otros. Se describe el abordaje de la evaluación y la rehabilitación en el paciente adulto hospitalizado con infección por Covid-19, con énfasis en la rehabilitación respiratoria. El presente documento se fundamenta en la literatura disponible actualmente y presenta recomendaciones dirigidas al escenario nacional.


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Cómo citar

1.
Delgado Martinez JR, Orozco Higuera NF, Gómez Gil JC, Castaño Herrera LF, Díaz Ruíz JA, Muñoz Rodriguez JN, Rodriguez Zambrano LE. Rehabilitación intrahospitalaria en el paciente con Covid-19. Rev Col Med Fis Rehab [Internet]. 7 de septiembre de 2020 [citado 24 de septiembre de 2022];30(Supl):41-6. Disponible en: https://revistacmfr.org/index.php/rcmfr/article/view/245

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Publicado

2020-09-07

Número

Sección

Revisión sistemática